- From virtualization wiki
- From webopedia:
virtualization means to create a virtual version of a device or resource, such as a server, storage device, network or even an operating system where the framework divides the resource into one or more execution environments.
Three main methodologies used for providing virtualization:
- System emulation:
The execution environment is called a virtual machine and it emulates all the hardware resources. This emulation layer in turn uses the real hardware resources from the host. This enables the emulator to run a guest operating system without any modifications, as the guest OS can use the hardware resources by going through the hardware emulation layer, instead of the real hardware. The VMM executes the CPU instructions that need more privileges than are available in the user space. This approach is followed by products such as VMware (http://vmware.com/), Microsoft Virtual PC (http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/winfamily/virtualpc/default.mspx), and Parallels (http://www.parallels.com/).
There is no hardware emulation. The operating system that runs on a guest needs to be a modified version that is aware of the fact that it is running inside a hypervisor. This cuts down the number of privileged CPU instructions that need to be executed, and as there is no hardware emulation involved, the performance is much better and closer to native speeds. This is the technique used by Xen (http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/research/srg/netos/xen/) and User-Mode Linux (http://user-mode-linux.sourceforge.net/).
- Operating System level virtualization:
Each guest instance is isolated and runs in a secure environment. However, you can execute only multiple instances of guests that run the same operating system as the host. If the host operating system is FreeBSD, you can run only multiple instances of FreeBSD. This is the approach used by the FreeBSD jails (http://www.freebsd.org/) and Solaris10 zones (http://www.sun.com/software/solaris/).
Virtualization is highly utilized and visible in three areas of information services, server virtualization, network virtualization and storage virtualization ..
- Server virtualization:
- Network virtualization
- Storage virtualization:
Predications about offerings and solutions:
By Joseph F. Kovar, ChannelWeb
Top Choices PRODUCTS
VARs SELLING VIRTUALIZATION SAY THESE 5 SOLUTIONS WILL BE THEIR TOP OFFERINGS IN 2008
1 Server hosted virtualization
2 Virtual desktop PCs
3 Hypervisor-based server virtualization
4 Storage virtualization software
5 Processors optimized for virtualization (AMD (NYSE:AMD) Opteron, Intel (NSDQ:INTC) Xeon)
SOLUTIONSVARs SELLING VIRTUALIZATION SAY THESE 5 SOLUTIONS WILL BE THEIR TOP OFFERINGS IN 2008
1 Server consolidation
2 Disaster-recovery solutions
3 Storage virtualization
4 Network virtualization
5 Testing and training environment solutions
BASE: 116 NORTH AMERICAN VARs CURRENTLY SELLING OR RECOMMENDING VIRTUALIZATION SOLUTIONSSOURCE: EVERYTHING CHANNEL VIRTUALIZATION STUDY, NOVEMBER 2007
1.Introduction to Virtualization
Introduction to Virtualization presentation was created for technical and non-technical audience with no or small knowledge of virtualization technologies.
In 10 minutes you'll have an overview of problems modern virtualization technologies can solve and what alternatives the market is offering today.
btw, you can even download the video for later viewing here http://www.virtualization.info/webcasts/WhatisVirtualization.swf
2. virtualization WiKi
"The only online dictionary and search engine you need for computer and Internet technology definitions."
4. XenExpress tutorial: Introduction and installation
5. VMWorld 2008 (Europe),2007 to 2004 Free Sessions and Labs
This has free keynotes, sessions videos/mp3 as well as labs pdf. very interesting collection.
6.Xen and the Art of Virtualization
7. More Virtualization Resources:
This list is by no means complete. Please feel free to add your favorite virtualization engines here in comments.
a. OPEN Source
i.qemu - open source processor emulation
QEMU is a generic and open source machine emulator and virtualizer.
When used as a machine emulator, QEMU can run OSes and programs made for one machine (e.g. an ARM board) on a different machine (e.g. your own PC). By using dynamic translation, it achieves very good performances.
When used as a virtualizer, QEMU achieves near native performances by executing the guest code directly on the host CPU. A host driver called the QEMU accelerator (also known as KQEMU) is needed in this case. The virtualizer mode requires that both the host and guest machine use x86 compatible processors.
Xen™ is a virtual machine monitor for x86 that supports execution of multiple guest operating systems with unprecedented levels of performance and resource isolation. Xen is Open Source software, released under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
VMWare is the pioneer in virtualization technology. They have tons of virtual appliances and free tools to play with them. Please visit VMWare downloads sections to download VMWare server (Includes Drivers & Tools and Open Source ) and VMWare Player.
c.Microsoft Virtual PC
Microsoft has caught up with virtualization very fast and has great offerings available as multiple versions of Microsoft virtual PC available for its windows product line. To learn more about Microsoft and virtualization, please visit the Virtualization Web site, or the Virtualization TechCenter.
Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V, the next-generation hypervisor-based server virtualization technology, allows you to make the best use of your server hardware investments by consolidating multiple server roles as separate virtual machines (VMs) running on a single physical machine. Microsoft has reached another key milestone in the development of Hyper-V, with a feature-complete version now available for download as a release candidate (RC).
d. Citrix XENserver
e. Video: Intro to Novell SuSE XEN Virtualization
more to come...soon...